Community Health Resources & Diabetes Information
It is imperative to eat a well-balanced diet, particularly when you are trying to manage your diabetes. Reducing calories should not lead to decreased nutrition. Planning meals can help design a healthy balanced diet.
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
If you have diabetes, you have to understand the effect carbohydrates have on your body. About 45–65% of calories each day come from carbohydrates, regardless of a diabetes diagnosis.
Carbohydrates have the largest effect on your blood sugar. Avoiding carbohydrates is not necessary, but it is important that someone with diabetes is able to identify which foods have carbohydrates, and control the amount eaten.
- Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of insulin producing cells in the pancreas.
- Type 2 diabetes is generally characterized by inadequate insulin production, and diminished insulin action. This is the most common form of diabetes, and accounts for approximately 85% of cases worldwide.
Tips to manage diabetes:
- Making healthy food choices and becoming physically active will help manage weight and keep blood glucose under control
- Check your blood glucose as often as your doctor instructs
- Even if you feel well, take all prescribed diabetes medication as advised by your doctor
- Learn what a serving size is for food, and how many servings you should consume in one meal.
For more great tips and information on how to manage your diabetes, please visit http://dtc.ucsf.edu/types-of-diabetes/type2/
Knowing what to eat is not just important for people with diabetes, it’s a great skill for everyone:
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and get more fiber in your diet by increasing whole-grains
- Choose foods low in fat, and try to use less fat when cooking
- Eat foods low in sugar and use less salt when cooking, and at the table
- Remember that alcohol consumption should be limited